Color Guard

Flag Knowledge

American Flag:

Stars: Fifty states
Stripes: The original thirteen colonies that rebelled against the British
Nicknames: Old Glory, Stars and Stripes, The American Flag, and the
Star Spangled Banner
Canton of Stars: Represents the Union and can fly alone to serve as a maritime flag called the “Union Jack”
Gold Fringe: Designates the flag is for parade use only
Colors:
Red: Hardiness & Valor
-White: Purity & Innocence
Blue: Vigilance, Perseverance & Justice

California Flag:

  • Animal: California Grizzly Bear(Ursus Californicus)
  • Bird: California Valley Quail (Lophortyx Californica)
  • Colors: Blue and Gold
  • Dance: West Coast Swing Dance
  • Fish: California Golden Trout (Salmo Agua-bonita)
  • Flower: Golden Poppy
  • Gemstone: Blue Diamond
  • Grass: Purple Needle Grass(Nassella pulchra)
  • Mineral: Gold
  • Fruit: N/A

1776: Betsy Ross created the first American flag.
1777: Continental Congress adopts the American flag.
1814: Francis Scott Key writes “The Star-Spangled Banner.”
1851: Flag with 31 stars (California)
1892: “Pledge of Allegiance” first published.
1960: Flag with 50 stars (Hawaii).

Flag Parts:

  1. Spade
  2. Spade Collar
  3. Upper Pole
  4. Upper Collar
  5. Flag
  6. Thirteen Screws
  7. Lower Pole
  8. Lower Collar
  9. Feeler

 Rifle Knowledge

The Springfield Rifle Nomenclature: U.S. rifle, caliber 30, model 1903A3 is a demilitarized, magazine fed, manually operated, air cooled, bolt action, shoulder-fired weapon.

Characteristics:

  • Clip: 5 rounds
  • Cooling: Air
  • Muzzle Velocity: 2700 feet/second
  • Maximum Effective Range: 600 yards
  • Maximum Range: 3500 yards
  • Chamber Pressure: 50,000 psi
  • Barrel Length: 24 inches
  • Overall Length: 3 feet 7 ½ inches (43.5 inches)
  • Bore Diameter: .308 inches
  • Maximum Effective Rate of Fire: Number of well aimed rounds per minute
  • Stock Material: Walnut Scant Stock

Weights:

  • Unloaded: 9.2 lbs
  • Loaded: 9.8 lbs
  • Unloaded with bayonet: 10.2 lbs
  • Loaded with bayonet: 10.8 lbs

Cycle of Operations:

  1. Feeding
  2. Chambering
  3. Locking
  4. Firing
  5. Unlocking
  6. Extraction
  7. Ejection
  8. Cooling